# Balance Sheet Is Based Upon Which Of The Following Formula The Global Business Simulation Strategy Game – Glo – Bus Quiz Answers

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## The Global Business Simulation Strategy Game – Glo – Bus Quiz Answers

If you’re in a business strategy class, you can participate in a global business simulation strategy game, or “Glo-Bus” for short. You will probably complete two quizzes in this course, Glo-Bus Quiz 1 and Glo-Bus Quiz 2. Both quizzes cover the basics of the game and Quiz 2 in particular can have very difficult questions. Many questions are financial. Here is one example that you will most likely get.

Given the following financial statement data:

Income statement data, 1st quarter

(in thousands)

Sales revenue \$50,000

Net profit \$9,555

Balance sheet data

Current assets total \$70,000

Total assets \$149,000

Current liabilities total \$26,000

LT debt (accepting line of credit) \$33,000

Total equity \$90,000

Other financial data

Depreciation \$4,000

Dividend payments \$2,250

Based on the figures above, what percentages of debt and equity does the company’s capital structure consist of? (These percentages are one of the components used to determine a company’s credit rating, as explained on the Help screen on the GSR Comparative Financial Performance page.)

20% debt and 80% equity, or 20:80.

27% debt and 73% equity, or 27:73.

35% debt and 65% equity, or 35:65.

37% debt and 63% equity, or 37:63.

None of them.

To answer this question, we need to look at this income statement and conclude what debt and equity are.

Total Equity shows up at \$90,000 so it’s easy.

But the real hard part is deciphering what debt is. Believe it or not, current liabilities are not considered “debt”. And that’s a mistake people make.

So the debt is just a long term debt of \$33,000, so what?

To determine the correct ratio, use the debt ratio formula = debt/(debt+equity)

[And for note the equity ratio=equity/(debt+equity)]

Or so 33,000/(33,000+90,000)=.268 or equal to 27%. Therefore, the debt ratio is 27% and the remaining 73% is equity.

The correct answer is the second one!

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