How To Write A Chemical Formula For An Ionic Compound Chemistry – How to Write Chemical Names

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Chemistry – How to Write Chemical Names

Learning how to write chemical names can be a daunting task if you don’t have a system to help keep things organized. The first thing you don’t want to do is memorize a bunch of stuff. Memorization should be minimal. Instead, you want to learn a system that describes step-by-step what to do and that anyone can use.

By the end of this article, you will know how to write chemical names using a system rather than memorization. But after learning the system, you need to practice to improve your skills. Remember that to improve any skill you need to practice. Now let’s look at compound naming strategies.

Strategy #1 Know the Periodic Table

You need to know the periodic table and its structure. All chemical names are based on element names, so be familiar with them and keep the periodic table handy.

Strategy #2 Know polyatomic ions

Many chemicals consist of a polyatomic ion ice metal or non-metallic or two polyatomic ions. So it is useful to have a list of the most common polyatomic ions.

Strategy #3 Can determine the ions of elements

It is very useful to know your major elements and their ions or oxidation numbers. Especially for ionic compounds, because their charge must balance to zero.

Strategy #4 Know metals with multiple charges

Many metals, especially transition metals, have more than one possible charge, so you need a list of these metal ions and their names for reference.

Strategy #5 Most chemical names are binary codes

Remember that most chemical names are binary, meaning they have two parts. These two parts can consist of a cation with an anion; cation or anion with a polyatomic ion; or two polyatomic ions.

Strategy #6 Know the root of the common non-metallic elements

Many chemical names use non-metal roots and add the suffix “-ide”. So it is very useful to know the roots of non-metals.

Strategy #7 The most metallic substance goes first

When writing the chemical name the most metallic substance goes first and the least metal goes second. Remember that the elements to the left of the semimetals are metals and the elements to the right are nonmetals.

Let’s try one. Write the name of BaCl2.

First, find Ba on the periodic table, this is barium. Now look for Cl, it’s chlorine. Hence the name barium chloride. No numerical prefix is ​​needed because the substance is ionic.

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